Sankalp Bhojwani, Sweta Kumari, Tarana Siddiqui, Masud Uz Zaman, Neha Ingle, Nilima Wakode
Guided by Prof. S.P. Washimkar
E&T Dept, Priyadarshini College of Engineering, Nagpur
This paper will aim to provide a practical solution to one of the biggest problems faced by the Indian Healthcare system, which is in providing proper post natal care to the babies that are born in large numbers in our hospitals. These underfunded hospitals are unable to address three major problems that plague it, 1. The inavailibility of a flexible realtime monitoring system for babies. 2. The errors in medical regimen due to human error and 3. Prevention of baby misplacement and ‘kidnap’. To counter all these issues we aim to provide a simple and cheap solution that integrates these solutions into one system. The system makes uses of two individual systems for the cradle and the baby bracelet, both of which are controlled by an in-ward computer system. These systems have a backend integration via MATLAB.
Keywords— MATLAB, RxTxModule, IR SENSORS, Piezobuzzer, Interface.
“Digital Maternity Ward Management System” is utilized for development of a cost effective efficient solution to the problems of underfunded hospitals in rural areas by developing a system that can integrate solutions to the said problems. For this we shall utilize concepts learned during our course for engineering like designing graphic user interface on Matlab, interfacing of sensors and alarms with an end terminal computer system. Our system is very application specific and thus will focus on rectifying the above mentioned problems of Ill-funded Hospitals and Rapid Response Emergency Rooms. However given the nature of modularity of Multiple System Integration Via MATLAB, it may be modified for any application specific scenario, with addition or removal of above features.
- Baby location Monitor using IR sensors.
- Baby health monitor demonstrated using a Heat Sensor.
- Data Log for Baby Healthcare History and Medicinal regimen
- Piezobuzzer warning system that can help us spot and seize abductioneers.
- A MATLAB GUI that will let us monitor the above features of each baby in a maternity ward.
II. LITERATURE REVIEW
We shall be reviewing the following material for the Majority of our guidance along with the vision of our Project Guide.
8051 Microcontroller- Internals, Instructions, Pro & Interfacing by Subrata Ghoshal.  Reference for pin diagrams and interfacing procedures for various sensors and other module systems to Microcontrollers in the system,
Pocket Book of Hospital Care for children, World Health Organization.  A study was made into the present day situation of health care for babies in the global scenario and the requisite technologies lagging in the third world countries.
Child Care Use by low income families, Susan K. Walker, Ph.D. and Kathy L. Reshke, P.hd.  A study was made into the various childcare issues and problems in the maternity ward environment via the various studies, statistics and problems specified in the document for rural environments.
MATLAB Programming for Engineers by Stephen J. Chapman. Reference for understanding the MATLAB environment for the development of MATLAB GUI AT TERMINAL COMPUTER.
GPS and SMS-Based Child Tracking System Using Smart Phone  Reference for development of the ankle bracelet system on child, cradle system and interfacing signals with MATLAB GUI.
Child Tracking System using Android phones  Reference for development of the ankle bracelet system on child, cradle system and interfacing signals with MATLAB GUI.
III. SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT
The Digital Maternity Ward Management System has three major parts.
This Bracelet will have the functions
- To carry sensors for bio-monitor systems.
- To house Piezzo Buzzer to warn nearby people in event of abduction through noise.
- Keypad & locking module.
These systems are housed in the bracelet. The block diagram for construction is given below.
The child system has the following features.
- A Transreceiver circuit for exchange of control signals for the locking module on the ankle and the keypad module.
- A separate RF TX Module to send the data of heat sensor (which is a mock up of a sophisticated bio-monitor system). To avoid data clutter, we will only record instances when the analog signal exceeds some predetermined level and the history of such instances will be stored at the TERMINAL COMPUTER end.
B. CRADLE SYSTEM
A system will also be constructed in the cradle to house
- The Sensor System for Position
- The Alarm system interfaced with Bracelet.
The cradle system is a ONE SIDED that can only receive control data on the RF Rx module from the control end on the TERMINAL COMPUTER.
According to the control signal obtained it can activate or deactivate the sensor system. Once actvated the alarm system on the cradle is automated to turn on in case the baby is found to be missing.
The sensor system will employ multiple sensors to accurately determine the presence of the baby. It has external power source.
C. MATLAB BASED BACKEND AND G.U.I.
Control signals for the Cradle System and the child system and analog levels of child system heat sensor will be sent from a TERMINAL COMPUTER with a MATLAB BASED GRAPHIC USER INTERFACE. The data exchange is facilitated by a DATA CONVERTER and TRANSRECIEVER CIRCUIT.
The G.U.I. developed will have the following format.
IV. CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE WORK
Our system is very application specific and thus will focus on rectifying the above mentioned problems of Ill-funded Hospitals and Rapid Response Emergency Rooms. However given the nature of modularity of Multiple System Integration Via MATLAB, it may be modified for any application specific scenario, with addition or removal of above features.
- Rural Child Healthcare – Our system offers an economic solution to the healthcare issues of Ill funded rural hospitals which find it difficult to maintain security and systematic diagnosis of babies in the maternity ward. Thus we can present a simple yet systematic solution at an economical rate of cost per unit.
- Disaster Management – Our system offers an important component for the Monitoring health and Security for babies in Adverse Circumstances during disasters when the government sets up makeshift centers for health care of victims. It will be a simple cost effective elegant solution.
- Modular Modification – The modular nature of our system will allow our system to be modified according to the the site requirements thus lending a degree of flexibility to the design.
Utilizing this basic layout this technology can be mass produced to lower the cost, and utilized in a diverse range of scenarios.
We would like to thank our parents for providing us with the support that was necessary to reach our goal. We would like to thank our Project Guide. Prof. S.P. Washimkar ma’am and the Faculty of E&T Dept, Priyadarshini College of Engineering for providing us with the guidance in every step. We hope our efforts will result in a new path for innovation the Medical Care Infrastructure of our country.
- Subrata Ghoshal // “8051 Microcontroller- Internals, Instructions, Pro & Interfacing”
- World Health Organization // “Pocket Book of Hospital Care for children.”
- Susan K. Walker, P.hD and Kathy L. Reshke, P.hd. // College of Education and Human Development, University Of Minnesota// “Child Care Use by low income families”
- Stephen J. Chapman // “MATLAB Programming for Engineers”
- A. Al-Mazloum, E. Omer, M. F. A. Abdullah //World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology// “GPS and SMS-Based Child Tracking System Using Smart Phone” International Journal of Electrical, Computer, Energetic, Electronic and Communication Engineering Vol:7, No:2, 2013
- Maghade Satish, Chavhan Nandlal, Gore Sandip // Pravara Rural Engg. College,Loni,India // “Child Tracking System using Android phones” International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology (IJARCET) Volume 4 Issue 4, April 2015