Vehicle Speed Limit Alerting and Crash Detection System at Various Zones
Volumn 2

Vehicle Speed Limit Alerting and Crash Detection System at Various Zones

Dikshant Khanke

Professor

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering

Jhulelal Institute of Technology, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Ashwin Kulkarni,Niklesh Kahalkar,Pawan Kuve

Department of Electronics  Engineering

Jhulelal Institute of Technology, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

ashwinkulkarni361@gmail.com

nikleshkahalkar123@gmail.com

kurvepawan@gmail.com

Abstract –

Nowadays people are driving very fast, accidents are occurring frequently, we loss our valuable life by making small mistake while driving (zone wise, hills area, highways). So in order to avoid such kind of accidents and to alert the drivers about the speed limits in such kind of places the highway department have placed the signboards. But sometimes it may to possible to view that kind of signboards and there is a chance for accident.So to intimate the driver about the speed limit at zones and to detect crashes automatically,is done by means of using MEMS,RF,GPS,GSM technology.

Keywords – Speed limit contrl ,Crashdetection,MEMS,RF.

I. INTRODUCTION

The main objective is to design a Smart Display controller meant for vehicle’s speed limit control which canrun on an embedded system.,RF module can be custom designed to fit into a vehicle’sdashboard, and displays information on the vehicle.

Basically this project is made to reduce the road accidents which occurs due to high speed of vehicles on a low speed zone area Speed of vehicle will be controlled by the control system of circuit.

RF transmitters will transmits the RF signals & RF receiver will receive the signals. This data is in digital form, which is recognized by the micro-controller in the receiver section.

Due to this data the speed of vehicle can be controlled automatically.

II. PROPOSED SYSTEM

2.1 Block Diagram–

The main objective is to design a Smart Display controller meant for vehicle’s speed limit and crash which can run on an embedded system. And RF module can be custom designed to fit into a vehicle’s dashboard, and displays information on the vehicle. Once the information is received from the zones(40kmph,30kmph,10kmph, the vehicle’s embedded unit is automatically alerts the driver with an alarm, to reduce the speed according to the zone,if vehicles speed is not reduced within the speed limit zone, RF module automatically reducs its speed according to the speed zone.

Fig.2.1 Transmitter

2.2 Algorithm steps–

The working of the project can be explained in the following steps:

1.Initially Power is supplied to RF module and AVR kit.

2. In this project stages are as follows :

a) Vehicle Speed Limit control.

Fig.2.2 Receiver

Vehicle Speed Limit Control

3.Wait for the signal from the RFID TAG placed in the Zone. International Journal of Latest Trends in Engineering and Technology (IJLTET) Vol. 2 Issue 1 January 2013 108 ISSN: 2278-621X

4.RFID reader reads the tag.If signal valid, the vehicle’s embedded unit is automatically alerts the driver with an alarm, to reduce the speed according to the zone.

5.Here we are showing by “PRESS THE BUTTON TO STOP THE ALARM” which indicates that driver reduced speed.

6.Otherwise,after few seconds vehicle’s RF unit automatically sreduces the speed.

RFID Module

RFID tags come in a wide variety of shapes and sizes. Animal tracking tags, inserted beneath the skin, can be as small as a pencil lead in diameter and one-half inch in length The RFID modules are of different kinds. But, In this paper we are using three RFID passive tags which are placed in the three different speed limit zones. These tags get detectedby the RFID reader when the vehicle enters into the zone as FRID reader is fixed in the vehicle. So, when vehicleenters the speed limit zone the RFID tag paced in that particular zone gets detected and displayed on lcd like SCHOOL ZONE SPEED LIMIT 20KM/hr.etc

III.EXPERIMENT AND RESULT

􀁸When Vehicle enters into Zones. International Journal of Latest Trends in Engineering and Technology (IJLTET) Vol. 2 Issue 1 January 2013 111 ISSN: 2278-621X

Figure 4.(a)Driver gets the alert in Zone 1 and message sent if vehicle speed exceeded speed limit

􀁸When the vehicle met with accident here we are showing by “SHAKE THE MEMS TO KNOW THE THAT ACCIDENT OCCURRED”. International Journal of Latest Trends in Engineering and Technology (IJLTET) Vol. 2 Issue 1 January 2013 112 ISSN: 2278-621X

Figure 5. (a) Shake the MEMS sensor(b) finding location using GPS (c) Message is sent when accident occurred.

IV.Applications

IN MILATARY CAMPUS:- As in military campus there is a certain speed limit for the vehicle given by the authority of that area.

IN SCHOOL/COLLEGE  CAMPUS:  It will help to reduce accidents in college campuses.

NEAR HOSPITALS: Due to loud horns in hospital areas , patients get disturbed .It will help to reduce noise pollution.                                                                                                             

V.CONCLUSION

The paper has been successfully designed and tested. It has been mainly designed in order to avoid accidents and to alert the drivers about the speed limits for safe traveling. Many existing systems has discussed about the road safety’s and has proposed many methods for the speed limitations and accident detections. Controlling the vehicle speed automatically in real time is very difficult. So, in order to avoid that difficulties, instead of controlling the vehicle speed automatically, our project succeeded in alerting the driver about the speed limits and detecting accidents.

Acknowledgment

The heading of the Acknowledgment section and the References section must not be numbered.

Causal Productions wishes to acknowledge Michael Shell and other contributors for developing and maintaining the IEEE LaTeX style files which have been used in the preparation of this template.  To see the list of contributors, please refer to the top of file IEEETran.cls in the IEEE LaTeX distribution.

REFERENCES

  1. Gangadhar, S.; R N shetty Inst. Of Technol,” An intelligent road traffic control system”,IEEE conference publication kahargpur (2010).
  2. Ankita Mishra1, JyotiSolanki2 ,Harshala Bakshi3, Priyanka Saxena4Pranav Paranjpe5 “Design of RF based speed control system for vehicles”. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering Vol. 1, Issue 8, October 2012
  3. www.alldatasheets.com
  4. www.wikipedia.com

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